Home parenting environment as predictor of acquisition of literacy competencies among pre-primary children in Nyamira County, Kenya
Elkanah Mochache Gichana, Benson Charles Odongo, Benard Mwebi
Early Childhood Development (ECDE) is currently the backbone of formal Education systems in both developed and developing nations, Kenya inclusive. To ensure quality pre-primary education, Parental involvement in children's education has been established consistently by various researchers to have a positive impact on any child’s academic performance. However, there has been little investigation on how and to what extent parents get involved in their pre-primary children’s education through proper parenting. Hence, the current study sought to investigate the influence of home parenting environment on the acquisition of literacy competencies among pre-primary children in Manga Sub-County, Nyamira County, Kenya. The study was based on Epstein’s theory of parental involvement. The study employed descriptive survey research design. The units of analysis for the study were 65 public primary schools comprising of 65 head teachers, 65 ECDE pre-school lead teachers, 210 pre-school parents, 210 pre-school children, and 3 ECDE divisional Coordinators. The study sample consisted of 20 head teachers, 136 preschool parents, 136 pre-schoolers, 65 ECDE pre-school lead teachers, and 3 ECDE Divisional Coordinators. The study used Questionnaires and document analysis in data collection. Collected data were analyzed using both descriptive and inferential statistics. Findings of the study revealed that generally at pre-primary school centres, parental involvement was low in terms of provision of conducive home parenting environment. However, the study established that there was a statistically significant positive association between home parenting environment and the acquisition of literacy competencies among pre-schoolers. Further, the study established that home parenting environment accounted for 26.4% (Adjusted coefficient R2=.264) of the variation in the acquisition of basic literacy competencies.
Elkanah Mochache Gichana, Benson Charles Odongo, Benard Mwebi. Home parenting environment as predictor of acquisition of literacy competencies among pre-primary children in Nyamira County, Kenya. International Journal of Humanities and Education Research, Volume 3, Issue 2, 2021, Pages 1-8