Invisibile but effective African: American female civil rights leaders: A specific focus on Dorothy Irene height and Rosa parks
Kombieni Didier, Kpohoue Ferdinand, AZON Fortuné
Despite the provisions of the thirteenth, fourteenth and fifteenth amendments to the American Constitution following abolition of slavery, meant to give Blacks equal protection under the law, the latter have been kept under a new form of domination by their former white masters; the situation became lawfully dramatic with Jim Crow which openly set the freed Blacks as separate citizens in the United States of America. The then segregation laws have generated frustrations in the black communities which lead black Americans, men and women, to join and fight for equal opportunities, better job opportunities, for good education and housing, in short, for civil rights. But in the process, men have been more visible as it was not conceivable having women (even whites) leading any social or political movement. Although men held the majority of leadership positions in the civil rights organizations, African American women were also active leaders at all levels of the Civil Rights Movement. Only recently have historians sought to explore the contributions of women during the civil rights struggle. Though there were hundreds of black women who devoted themselves to securing rights for African-Americans, a few of them have been considered in the frame of the present study; they include Ella Baker, Dorothy Irene Height, Rosa Parks and Fannie Lou Hamer.
Kombieni Didier, Kpohoue Ferdinand, AZON Fortuné. Invisibile but effective African: American female civil rights leaders: A specific focus on Dorothy Irene height and Rosa parks. International Journal of Humanities and Education Research, Volume 1, Issue 2, 2019, Pages 19-24